Below is the list of projects implemented through the Open Space Innovation Platform (OSIP) Campaign’New ideas to make XR a reality‘.
Multipurpose Mars XR Space Lab (Sirin Orbital Systems)
This early technology development project aims to design and develop an innovative AI/XR prototype of the martian surface. The surface of Mars would be recreated in the virtual space using real data from satellites and Mars rovers – for example on Mars’ elevation, color, temperature, gravity and atmosphere. The virtual Mars will help enable multipurpose virtual testing of human exploration, equipment, facilities and rovers.
The Virtual Mission Control Room (VMCR) (Julius Maximilian University of Würzburg)
X-aRm (Space Application Services)
Whilst in space, astronauts carry out extravehicular activity. This is often referred to as a ‘spacewalk’, but it involves risky and difficult work on the outside of the space station. This early technology development project aims to help astronauts train for extravehicular activity by developing an arm exoskeleton with force feedback. Astronauts can wear the exoskeleton arm – or X-aRm – whilst using virtual reality to better perceive the space environment and feel the forces involved in extravehicular activity.
Lightfield-enhanced immersive teleoperation system for space station and ground control (MTB Technical Research Center of Finland)
Audiovisual Feedback to Augmented Manual Activities During Space Walks (Ilmenau University of Technology)
This study will explore the impact of the silence of space on the ability of astronauts to perform manual work on the outside of the International Space Station. It will investigate generating artificial sounds – for example the striking of metal or the humming of a motor – to give astronauts a confirmation during the activity. This may lead to a more natural and precise execution of the task. The sounds will be enriched with visualizations that provide a visual confirmation during the manufacturing, display additional information, and can lead the astronaut through the process step by step.
Underwater VR for astronaut training (Julius Maximilian University of Würzburg)
Astronauts train for extravehicular activity in swimming pools. Currently, very large and deep pools are needed for effective training. This study aims to reduce the need for such large pools by combining diving goggles with a virtual reality headset and to use the university’s small pool (40 cubic meters) to simulate a space environment. Besides constructing water-tight VR headsets, the study will develop crucial tracking systems to determine position and orientation in space.
Digital Twins of Humans for Space Operations with XR telepresence (Ilmenau University of Technology)
A digital version of a human – an avatar – can be created by collecting data such as information on the position of body parts. This study aims to develop an immersive augmented/virtual reality viewer that uses 3D pose estimation to animate realistic avatars of people. This technology would support communications and monitoring – for example in areas like designing missions, assembly, integration, testing & verification of spacecraft, and in mission control.
Caressing infinity: haptic applications for intimate spaces in human extraterrestrial settlements
The space sector is on the threshold of establishing permanent settlements outside the Earth; this requires the creation of extraterrestrial spaces that not only serve to carry out scientific missions, but also to live a whole life. This co-funded research project aims to explore and define haptic (related to the sense of touch) applications and strategies through which augmented reality can improve the intimate spaces of human extraterrestrial settlements.
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